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Deploying with kubectl

In this section, we describe how to deploy confidential services with kubectl instead of helm.

Prerequisite

We assume that you already read Section Sconifying A Stateful Service.

Deploying confidential containers with kubectl

helm version 2 had some disadvantages. helm version 3 has improved quite nicely, e.g., it does not need to run services in you Kubernetes cluster anymore. Still, not everybody wants to use helm to deploy confidential containers. In this case, one can use kubectl to deploy confidential container images. The workflow is as follows:

Kubectl work flow

We use sconify_image to generate a helm chart. We translate this helm chart into a manifest. We can deploy the manifest with the help of kubectl.

Example

For the hello world example, we can generate the manifest as follows:

helm template python-service charts/python-service  > manifests.yaml

Now you can deploy this manifest with the help of kubectl:

kubectl create -f manifests.yaml

You can of course modify the manifest. The manifest might look as follows:

---
# Source: sconify-python-service/templates/job.yaml
apiVersion: batch/v1
kind: Job
metadata:
  name: python-service-sconify-python-service
  labels:
    helm.sh/chart: sconify-python-service-0.1.0
    app.kubernetes.io/name: sconify-python-service
    app.kubernetes.io/instance: RELEASE-NAME
    app.kubernetes.io/managed-by: Helm
spec:
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        app.kubernetes.io/name: sconify-python-service
        app.kubernetes.io/instance: python-service
    spec:
      restartPolicy: "Never"
      volumes: 
        - name: volumev1
          emptyDir: {}
      containers:
        - name: sconify-python-service
          image: "registry.scontain.com:5050/christof.fetzer/hw-k8s:python-k8-test-22166"
          imagePullPolicy: Always
          securityContext:
            capabilities:
              add: ["SYS_RAWIO"]
          env:
            - name: SCONE_CONFIG_ID
              value: ns-20726744429579/python-session/python-service
            - name: SCONE_CAS_ADDR
              value: 5-3-0.scone-cas.cf
            - name: SCONE_LAS_ADDR
              valueFrom:
                fieldRef:
                  fieldPath: status.hostIP
            - name: SCONE_ALLOW_DLOPEN
              value: "1"
            - name: SCONE_HEAP
              value: 256m
            - name: SCONE_STACK
              value: 4m
            - name: SCONE_LOG
              value: "ERROR"
          resources:
            limits:
              sgx.k8s.io/sgx: 1
          volumeMounts: 
            - name: volumev1
              mountPath: /V1
      initContainers:
        - name: check-attestation
          image: registry.scontain.com:5050/clenimar/attestation-check:latest
          imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
          env:
            - name: SCONE_CAS_ADDR
              value: 5-3-0.scone-cas.cf
            - name: SCONE_LAS_ADDR
              valueFrom:
                fieldRef:
                  fieldPath: status.hostIP

Next Release

In the next release, we plan to add an option to sconfiy_image to be able to generate a manifest directly. This will reduce the need to install helm on the development machine.

Future kubectl work flow